There’s hardly anyone can be found who hasn’t seen one of the greatest creations of the ancient times, the great Sphinx situated in Giza Plateau near modern Cairo, Egypt. It has the body of a lion and face of a man. This giant limestone is the earliest known monumental sculpture and around 73.5 meter in length and 20 meter in height. Every year thousands of visitors got attracted for its mysterious nature and great historic value. Since Napoleonic times, the nose of this statue is missing. Though, it’s not confirmed but archaeologists think it was buried in sand to protect.
The sphinx stands in the Egyptian necropolis at Giza that contains the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), who may have ruled from about 2589 to 2566 B.C., the Pyramid of Khufu’s son Khafra (Chephren), who may have ruled from about 2558 B.C. to about 2532 B.C., and the pyramid of Khufu’s grandson Menkaure (Mycerinus).Giza necropolis also contains other smaller pyramids, temples and a causeway.
Source isn’t sure but it is believed the Great Sphinx’s head was modeled after the ruler Pharaoh Khafra. Possibly it’s more than 2000 years older. Archaeology diary declined the possibility of designing the head of Sphinx after Pharaoh’s. According to their study, ruling time of Pharaoh and age of Sphinx doesn’t match up.
Whoever built this great monument for which reason, is still uncovered. Archaeologists are working hard to discover the truth but yet remained unsuccessful. The design concept and building structure of this monument is a clear example about the outstanding building capability of our predecessors. The great Sphinx is one of the most viewed historical places in Egypt.