The Bent Pyramid

As we saw on the previous page, the Bent Pyramid at Dashur is also attributed to the pharaoh Snefru, father of Khufu, and we have noted the problems with this idea. Personally, I found this the most impressive pyramid outside of the Giza complex – it is still in a remarkable state of preservation with a lot of its casing stones still intact. The quality of jointing and smoothness of the casing stones catches the eye, and helps one visualise the effect of the completed sturcture as it must have looked over four thousand years ago.

This unique pyramid’s sides measure just under 602 feet, and it reaches a hight of  344.4 feet. The sides slope upwards at an initial angle of 53 degrees 27′ from the base of the monument to just below half its total height, and then at the shallower angle of 43 degrees 23′ from there to the apex. These two different angles of inclination have been interpreted by Egyptologists, (and indeed appear in standard reference works), as a “change of plan” by the builders halfway into the project. While this is entirely possible, there is not one single piece of evidence to support this theory, and therefore it is worrying to see this supposition articulated as fact in so many books and guides. It does seem unlikely that the architects and builders of a monument of this magnitude (over 3 million tons of stone), could have made such an elementary design error. So it is possible that this was the case, but it is alsoequally possible that this is exactly what the pyramid was originally designed to look like.

A clue to the unusual external design of this structure could lie in its unusual  internal design. The  Bent pyramid is unique amoung Egyptian true pyramids in that it has twoentrances – one in the North face (as was customary), and one in the West face. These entrances lead down to two completely separate sets of internal chambers via descending passages, and seem to suggest a deliberately planned duality in design, which is matched of course, by the external design.

Once again, no trace of a sarcophagus or a burial has ever been found in this pyramid.


Some Travel Information about Egypt

Egypt has been a great destination for the people who love to know ancient history because Egypt is a mystery. It’s still a riddle that how the ancient people made such giant and historical pieces. Anyway, there are thousands of people each year come to visit this mysterious land. Today, I have brought some travel information about Egypt.

A passport and a tourist visa are required when you travel to another land. Tourist visas can be found at Egyptian Embassies and consulates around the world. After you acquire a single-entry visa, it is valid for 3 months and it allows you to stay in the country for 1 month. Travel Agency will often organize the visa for you; however, it is good to check on this yourself.

Health and safety:
Health and safety are always top concern to a visitor. Egypt was considered one of safe destination, but many of the tourists have been avoiding the country because of the recent political clash. However, the country is now safe. Crime rates are low. But it is always suggested to keep highest information when you plan to visit another country.

When you visit Egypt, it is good to keep local currencies. Acquiring local currency is easy because there are many banks, American Express and Thomas Cook offices available to exchange your cash. ATM cards – as VISA and Mastercards – can also be used in major cities.

hat to Wear?
Clothing is a great issue when you are traveling Egypt. Egypt is a Muslim-Country, so dress conservatively. While visiting churches, and mosques, men shouldn’t wear shorts and women shouldn’t wear mini-skirts, shorts or tank tops.

Loose and light cotton clothing is essential. Plenty of cloths available are available out there at the bazaars and it’s really fun to shop at the local markets.

Ancient Egyptian Mysteries Revealed at Lancaster

Egypt has always been known for its mysteries. The people from all around the world come here to explore the mysteries of ancient Egypt. Everything surrounded Egypt is a mystery itself. The most famous is the Pyramid in Giza and it is the only remaining of the Ancient 7 wonders on the planet. There are thousands of other treasures of the ancient Egypt.

Anyway, the treasurers from the beginning of the ancient Egyptian histories are being showing at Lancaster city museum. The show off started on from Saturday, February 2, 2013. Many collections have been brought together and people seem to be very impressed with the Ancient Egyptian treasures.

Lancashire County Councils museum manager, Heather Dowler, said that all the artifacts were discovered by John Garstang while he was excavating In Egypt between 1900 and 1914. What Professor John Garstang excavated in the Egypt were mainly cemeteries. The objects that he retrieved were in high quality and very well-preserved.

Beautifully decorated vessels, very impressive wooden masks and stone statuettes of ordinary soldiers were the main attraction.

Family activities are also being held:

Saturday, 2nd February, people will made their own Egyptian mask like those were worn by mummified Pharaohs.

Monday, 18th February, people will build their own Egyptian Pyramid and discover how those impressive structures were built.

Tuesday, 19th February, people will discover how mummies are made by making their own Egyptian Mummy puppet.

Thursday, 21st February, people will discover how to write like an Egyptian. They will make their own Egyptian Cartouche by using hieroglyphics.

Friday, 22nd February, people will meet an archaeologist to find out the archaeologist’s amazing discoveries Egypt.

Great Sphinx: Tale of a Mysterious Sculpture

There’s hardly anyone can be found who hasn’t seen one of the greatest creations of the ancient times, the great Sphinx situated in Giza Plateau near modern Cairo, Egypt. It has the body of a lion and face of a man. This giant limestone is the earliest known monumental sculpture and around 73.5 meter in length and 20 meter in height. Every year thousands of visitors got attracted for its mysterious nature and great historic value. Since Napoleonic times, the nose of this statue is missing. Though, it’s not confirmed but archaeologists think it was buried in sand to protect.

The sphinx stands in the Egyptian necropolis at Giza that contains the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), who may have ruled from about 2589 to 2566 B.C., the Pyramid of Khufu’s son Khafra (Chephren), who may have ruled from about 2558 B.C. to about 2532 B.C., and the pyramid of Khufu’s grandson Menkaure (Mycerinus).Giza necropolis also contains other smaller pyramids, temples and a causeway.

Source isn’t sure but it is believed the Great Sphinx’s head was modeled after the ruler Pharaoh Khafra. Possibly it’s more than 2000 years older. Archaeology diary declined the possibility of designing the head of Sphinx after Pharaoh’s. According to their study, ruling time of Pharaoh and age of Sphinx doesn’t match up.

Whoever built this great monument for which reason, is still uncovered. Archaeologists are working hard to discover the truth but yet remained unsuccessful. The design concept and building structure of this monument is a clear example about the outstanding building capability of our predecessors. The great Sphinx is one of the most viewed historical places in Egypt.

Qarun Lake: Mysterious Treasure Holder

Qarun Lake located in the Fayoum Governorate is one of the historical spots in Egypt. In the bank of this you’ll get the place to rest, peace and pleasure because of its breathtaking landscapes and amazing cultural sites. This is the lake which brings life to the timeless mounts and banks of Western Egyptian Desert. Look deep into Egyptian history and you’ll find many interesting stories and myths about this Lake.

In the ancient times Qarun was a mighty lake which covered the whole area of Fayoum Governorate. But now, only a small portion of this big body of water remains. The water now spreads over 53,000 acres land. The influence of Qarun in these are undeniable even the name Fayoum came from an ancient Egyptian word Bayoum which means the lake.

There’s no one who can surely tell when and why the lake was named Qarun but many believes the name can be attributed to the protagonist of a story in the Holy Quran. The story comes like this, an opulent man a contemporary of Moses, who is believed to have lived in Egypt, and had all his mansions and possessions flooded as a punishment for his sins.

The residents live nearby the lake believe the true treasure of Qarun waits beneath the surface of the present lake. Some believe a fairy is guarding the treasures and some believe a mermaid is in duty. From the ancient times many people dived and searched for the treasures but so far nothing is found.

There’s people who claims to see the mermaid with their own eyes. The story is hardly believed but yet many experts are trying to recover the lost treasures. Whether there is treasure or not underneath Qarun delivered and still delivering it’s blessing to the nearby residents.

Come and Get your Answers from Penn Museum

Penn museum of Archaeology and Anthropology is famous for its unique collections and the true story behind each item. Yes it’s all about the story. Each mummy, sphinx, pitcher, statue and mosaic comes with their own story. The story of how it got here, how it was found etc.

On this Thursday, Penn museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, throwing the gates open for all in the festive occasion of its 125 anniversary. This occasion will not only be a learning exhibition but also will constitute a day long conversation. The event will start from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m., during this time curators will give their speech and answer their questions about what they do perform today. So this will be a high time for archaeo- and anthropologists all over the world. To learn details about the schedule, please visit: www.penn.museum/125.

The Artifacts Lab recently added to Penn Museum which is the highlight of the museum. Experts of this lab prepare skulls and bones and mummies right in front of the visitors. You might be curious of the past such as about Romans, Africa, Greeks, Etruscans, Sumerians, Mayans or about human evolution, how they have got here?

From 1 p.m. there is an archive to show for archivist Alessandro Pezzati, who made this museum possible. This archive will feature the untold story behind the story, the notes, photos, maps, letters etc. This event is tailored for to redefine the museum and what it does. And what it means to visit.

In July Siggers joined the museum as a Director. He is a young guy who belongs to a new generation and he is pretty good with social media. This interaction with media can help a great deal for museum as he also believes that museum is place for information and you should come for learning.

History and Mystery of Egypt

No other place has remarkable mysteries like Egypt. It is known as a land of mysteries. Its religion, its origin and its monumental architecture such as pyramids, temples and the enormous Sphinx are surrounded by never ending mysteries. Great Pyramids are the only remaining wonder of ancient seven wonders and the most famous of all kinds of ancient monuments.

The long flood of Nile was a gift from god, this mighty river flows from the Africa’s heart to the Mediterranean Sea as a sign of the Pharaonic kingdom. It’s an ideal place for growing flax, wheat and other crops because of the nutrient rich silt that deposited by the annual flooding of the river.

Egyptian’s unique funerary practices were designed to find their path in the afterworld because they believed that the soul and body were important to human existence in both life and death. The mystery begins when they mummified their body and buried in tombs that filled with all necessities of life such as food, domestic wares and treasures. Their believe of returning the soul to the body after the death so doing this would ensures happy life ever after.

The famous tombs were highly engineered to build. These tombs are now known as the pyramids where in the creation the gods appeared of the history. These were the largest ever built. Paid workers moved huge limestones blocks without using wheels, iron tools and horses. They were worried about death, but those people were their life who knew how to enjoy the life. They did it because they believed doing this would improve their own prospects in the afterlife.

Pyramids aren’t the only mystery in Egypt. Egypt has thousands of other mysterious creations that have been famous for their own characteristics, making this place the most famous mysterious place of the world. Started long ago, yet today Egyptian archaeologists are making important discoveries, answering many unanswered questions.

Great Sphinx’s Missing Nose Mystery

The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the most extraordinary monuments of Egypt. This large human headed lion guards the front of the Khafra’s pyramid. It is the largest surviving sculpture from the ancient world. Carved from a mound of natural rock is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt.

The actual reason behind the creation of this sculpture is still a mystery. Many believe it was built to guard over the Giza plateau. Some define it as the portrait of Pharaoh Khafre. As it aligns with the rising sun every morning Egyptian rulers thought of it as sun god and worshipped. They named it Hor-Em-Akhet “Horus of the Horizon”. Still inscribed stelae can be found in its small chapel which the Egyptian rulers placed to honor the god.

There’s hardly any person who stand before this great monument and didn’t think about why its nose is broken. If you ask anyone you will hear several stories about the missing nose. Many may refer Napoleon’s archaeologists as culprit. You’ll hear the story of their investigation on this monument and how they couldn’t find anything and broke the nose. At some point you may hear the Mamelukes army’s raid and target practicing on it. But history denied these rumors.

The most probable story is it was removed by a Sufi in the 8th century AD considering it as blasphemous idol. It can’t be certain for sure but the marks clearly showed that the nose was deliberately pried off with chisels. When the Sphinx was built by King Khufu, father of Khafre it was painted dark red and was decorated with stone beard. Also it had a sculpted cobra in its forehead. But it is considered, the Sufi ripened them off and now it looks like a woman’s face.

Mystery of Egyptian Mummies Will be Unraveled in Australia

The mystery of mysterious Egyptian mummies will be unraveled soon. Australian nuclear scientists are working in collaboration with an international team of archaeologists and historians to unravel this mystery. A collection of Egyptian mummies will be checked by this group of experts and they will unravel their gender and age.

Dr Karin Sowada, Honorary Associate at Macquarie University’s Department of Ancient History started her research on origins of these mummies. She was an Assistant Curator at the University of Sydney’s Nicholson Museum where these mummies are now. Through several years of research she found some surprising information about these mummies.

On her research in 2010 and 2011’s she published name and time of death of two mummies. Australian nuclear scientists and international team of experts will help on her future research. The NM R27.3 is the subject of research to this group.

19th centurion western tourists brought lots of mummies, coffins and artifacts during their visit on Egypt. This team will examine the artifacts and date the time of death or civilization. They will analyze coffin style, embalming techniques and wrapping methods. Also techniques like DNA sampling, CT scans and carbon dating will be used to understand the real origin of these artifacts.

The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization is the most advanced research reactor in the world. ANSTO scientists will use radiocarbon technique to understand the date and age of these mummies.

This group of experts is tirelessly trying to find out the origin of these artifacts. Most of them were brought around a century ago in Europe. After a long journey they are placed in museums. Hopefully, in the next year this team will publish their search result.

A Walk to the mystery of Egypt

In 500 BC Greek historian Herodotus wrote about the spectacular monuments, art and architectures of Egypt for the first time after his visit through Egypt. From the beginning Egyptian culture and outstanding knowledge of architecture has become an inspiration for the rest of the world. Till this day, people from every part of the world admire the mysterious history and development of Egyptian Pyramids.

From the very start humans are looking for the meaning of life. Throughout this search again and again they desired to attain immortality. If we look into Egyptian history, it’ll be illustrated better than any other civilizations. Great Pharaohs journey to eternity are written in the art, history and architecture of Egypt.

Around 5000 years ago this great civilization started it journey. Egyptian civilizations historic sites are the most attractive tourist’s spots. In the valley of Nile the first civilization was originated. Egypt is the first civilization with multinational state, use of hieroglyphs in writing was invented here, and system of government, religion and kingship was introduced for the first time in this very land. Surrounded by the endless desert this civilization is the most desirable place for the historian and tourists.

Egyptian believed both in death and life humans’ body and soul is important. From this believe they developed mummification and burial in tombs a way to intact the body for afterworld assists. They even put food, domestic wares, tools, treasures everything a person needs, inside the tombs. The architecture values of these Pyramids are indescribable. Highly skilled engineers, architects and paid labors worked days after days to build these massive monuments.

It’s really amazing how they moved these huge limestone blocks without use of any supporting tools. May be inside deep faith and believe in immortality was the main impetus for them. Perhaps they thought about the final judgments in afterworld.

After deciphering hieroglyphic writing and research on the life of peasants many unsolved mysterious has been answered about the growth and evolution of mysteries of Egypt. In this very day archeologists are discovering important pieces of information and knowledge of mysterious Egyptian history.

Five Interesting Riddles About the Great Sphinx

Everyone would agree that Egypt is one of the most mysterious places of the world and there are still some riddles that may not be solved ever. Obviously, the great pyramid is the main attraction of the Egypt; however, the Sphinx (standing to the north near the pyramids at Giza) is another great attraction.

The Great Sphinx is made of limestone sedimentary rock. The name came from the Greek Mythology. There was creature in the mythology having a woman’s head and a lion’s body. The creature was a symbol of both intelligent and strong. The total length of the Great Sphinx is 242 feet and its height is 66 feet.

Here are the five interesting facts of Great Sphinx….

Riddle 1: The Forgotten Sphinx
Although Giza is known for history which reminds dating back to 4,500 years, there are not a single monument from this period that references the Sphinx; and this is why, there are always riddles surrounding the Sphinx.

Riddle 2: Sphinx has no nose
None could tell exactly what happened with the nose of Sphinx. There are many theories describing the Sphinx’s misplaced hooter. An inaccurate rumor is that the soldier’s of Napoleon blasted its nose with cannon fire.

Riddle 3: Watery Controversy
This is a miracle that the Great Sphinx is still undamaged because this is a construction of thousands of years old so rainfall would have put impacts on it, but did not.

Riddle 4: Sphinx of many colors
There are also riddles about its color because several colors have been found at some points on its body so it may have been multicolored.

Riddle 5: The Future
Local underground water table has risen because of the human activities; and water is filling the pores of the limestone, affecting the structural integrity.